Cavities are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in your mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning your teeth well.
Pits and fissures are the deep grooves that make up the chewing surfaces of your teeth. These grooves are found on both your premolars and molars, though a pit and fissure cavity is usually deeper on the molars than on the premolars
Although pits and fissures help you to chew, food can still get stuck in these grooves. Plaque, a bacterial film that forms on your teeth, can also accumulate here if not cleaned regularly. It’s hard to reach these areas with your toothbrush, so food and plaque can remain in place and lead to cavity formation.
The bacteria in your plaque feed on sugars from foods and drinks, and when it does, it produces acids that attack your protective tooth enamel. Over time, your enamel wears down and allows tooth decay to set in.
Pit and fissure sealants can be utilized as a primary prevention tool when the tooth or the patient is at an increased risk of experiencing caries or as a secondary prevention method interrupting the progression of incipient caries.
Pit and fissures of primary and permanent teeth should be considered in children and young people with medical, physical, or intellectual disabilities, mostly when systemic health could be jeopardized by dental disease or the need for dental treatment
In its earliest stage, decay on the smooth surface of a tooth can be reversed. A study in the Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health mentions that fluoride can help to remineralize areas of early decay in smooth surfaces. Another option is treatment with specialized resin that blocks tiny holes in smooth surface enamel, preventing the growth of bacteria and halting the progress of decay.
If the decay has progressed and a cavity has already developed, your dentist can still provide treatment to prevent the condition from worsening. There are several possible treatments for a cavity, depending on how advanced the decay is
Poor oral hygiene is responsible for tooth decay, including smooth surface cavities. To avoid dental decay, you are advised to brush your teeth twice per day with fluoride toothpaste. You should also visit your dentist every six months or as often as they recommend. At these appointments, they can check for and treat early decay before it develops into a cavity. If your dentist believes your teeth are at risk of decay, they may advise you to rinse once per day with a fluoride mouthwash. They may also provide in-office fluoride treatments to strengthen your tooth enamel. To further protect your teeth, you might consider drinking your local tap water if it’s fluoridated, avoiding snacking or sipping beverages other than water during the day and eating tooth–friendly foods, such as fruits and vegetables.
A smooth surface cavity requires treatment, but it’s entirely preventable. Practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly, so they can spot the early signs of decay that can be reversed
Root caries is a lesion located on the root surface of a tooth, usually close to or below the gingival margin. Root caries has become an important dental problem because people are living longer and keeping their teeth longer
Dental implants are created using titanium material, Our dental implant specialist will be creating artificial roots and tooth using this material to fix it under lower jaw bone
A natural looking tooth is fixed on top of the implant to ensure patient facial shape remain unaffected and they maintain proper smile. We provide affordable dental implant treatment which are very stable, strong and will last long for many years. Occasionally you have to visit our clinic to ensure your implants remain tight after regular wear and tear.
On your initial consultation our dentist, Dr Nivea Arunan will ask for your treatment preference, availability in terms of timing, the treatment time period and the cost of treatment. After all these factors has been agreed upon our dentist will refer you to Dental Implant Specialist for all required treatment.